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Shubun (朱文, しゅぶん, lit. “red text”)

Imprint of the red (朱) text (文) left after pressing a seal in relief (朱印, しゅいん, shuin). Shubun is much “lighter” than hakubun (白文, はくいん, i.e. “white text (or more precisely white characters on red background after seal pressing)”), and it is a reference to the Yang element (陽, Chinese: yang, i.e. ”sun”) - the male side of the spiritual world. If only one seal is to be pressed on the calligraphy, it is most likely to be a shuin (朱印, しゅいん). Please also refer to hanko (判子, はんこ, i.e. “seal”) to read more about seals.

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Page last modified on November 15, 2011, at 03:32 AM