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NeolithicEra

Neolithic era (New Stone Age Era)

The Neolithic era is the last period of the Stone Age, starting around 9500 B.C., and ending with the Bronze Age (the dawn of the Bronze Era in China is dated around 3100 B.C.). During that period many fundamnetal technologies of the human race originated. One of them was Chinese writing. In 1988, a few thousand mysterious petroglyphs (zoomorphic characters) carved into the rocky cliffs of Beishan Mountain, were discovered in the Damaidi area (大麥地) of Zhongwei (中衛), a prefecture-level city in China. Whether those are the cradle of Chinese characters is still a mystery. One thing is certain, though; that they are the oldest creations of human artistic imagination and thought ever discovered in China (spanning ahywhere between 6000 to 30,000 years old).

In 1921 a Swedish archeologist, Johan Gunnar Anderson, discovered pottery decorated with markings, near Yangshao village (仰韶), Henan Province (河南省). Yangshao culture lasted for an astonishing 2000 years, starting around 5000 B.C. Some experts have successfully linked those markings to modern Chinese language, which would prove that the history of Chinese calligraphy is at least 7000 years old, 1500 years older than what was thought to be the most ancient written language on Earth – Sumerian cuneiform, dated at 3500 B.C.

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Page last modified on November 02, 2011, at 10:09 AM